Historical monuments of Turkey in Istanbul
The arena of the Hippodrome which was once the centre of cultural life of Byzantium, at present represents the long and narrow city park known under the title of At Meydana (At Meydani), or Loshadey Square. This quite ordinary-looking plot of land with covering it on perimetre the street absolutely is lost against a palace Ibrahim pasha on the one hand and Sultanakhmet Dzhamiya — with another. After all, its value as a historical monument of Turkey, not once surpasses value of all other monuments of Istanbul. Vperva this stadium has been constructed by the Roman tsar Septimius Severus in 200 and is expanded Konstantin Velikim for carrying out on its district of palace ceremonies and sports meets in what representatives of the population of the cities of Turkey took part. The primary direction and the sizes of the 480-metre arena containing to 100 000 audience as a whole have remained up to now. In spite of the fact that its amphitheatre has been destroyed during mosque construction Sultanakhmeta after that the hippodrome has not lost own value as a venue of various city ceremonies of the Ottoman Empire. Now this bolshushchy open place — least than a place where it is possible to have a rest pleasantly from turmoil surrounding it if the monuments which have been randomly scattered here and there on all its length, do not cause in you a great interest or if you have arrived to Turkey for 3 days and at you is not present time to consider all sights. On South country of park there are three congestions of the obelisks which have reached up to now, columns and sculptures which decorated a back, the raised central axis of the arena round which there were races of chariots.
Other monuments on the district of Turkey
To the North from the Hippodrome there is the Egyptian obelisk, whose height once made 60 m. From Egypt, however, in the IV century AD to Constantinople only its top third has reached. The obelisk has been constructed in commemoration of military Egyptian campaign of the XVI century BC Tutmosa III, but the drawings represented on its basis show scenes of how it establish under control of Teodosius I in Constantinople. Among the represented figures it is possible to distinguish dancing ladies and musicians, Teodosius and his family, chariots observing races (South side of an obelisk), also group of the kolenopreklonenny captives paying Teodosiusa of respects (its West side). If you тормознули in one of big hotels of Turkey, you can find historical data on monuments in library available there. A snake column have brought here from Apollo’s temple in the Delfakh, the erected 31 Greek city after a victory over Persians at Platei in 479. The column was brought to Constantinople by Konstantin Veliky. Three intertwining bronze snakes had earlier the heads looking in different directions. The jaw of one snake has been turned off by Mekhmed Zavoyevatelem who has shown the act neglect to this symbol of idolatry. The remained heads, maybe, were gone on the district of Turkey during an act of vandalism first XIX century. After all, one of the heads has remained and is now in an exposition of a thematic exhibition «Istanbul in centuries» in the Archaeological museum. the 3rd starenky monument of a back — is the big 32-metre brick column which does not have any decorative or practical value. Perhaps, governor Konstantin Bagryanorodny was other idea of this historical sight of Turkey because has returned and has covered it in the X-th century AD with bronze. In 1204 the crusaders who have grasped Constantinople have peeled bronze and have melted. Origin of an obelisk which carries the name of the Column of Konstantin, not clearly, but inscriptions on it say that during restoration to this monument one ten years was any more.
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