Stretching from ranges of Eastern Siberia to borders of Turkic lands of Central Asia, the province the Inner Mongolia, Ninsya, Gansu, Qinghai and Xinjiang occupy with a big arch actually a third of all district of continental China. To describe so wide region in one chapter of the guidebook it is unreal – in base of our narration the general idea about this edge, as about the earth lying outside of the Great Wall is necessary. The trip to China without the aid of others can proceed at this mysterious edge. Chinese in old times perceived it as the region far and alien to them where the severe climate reigns and where there live "barbarians" not speaking in Chinese – «people запределья», or sy вай жэнь. Directly here and at present the bulk of ethnic minority of China disseminated on wide places of steppes and meadows, the desert and a plateau lives. The Inner Mongolia, Ninsya and Xinjiang officially are not provinces, and carry the status of so-called independent areas, and the huge part of their population is made by Mongols, хуэй and the Uyghur. Anyway, but Chinese have appeared in the region not only that. Imperial armies have established control it is actually necessary for all northwest repyuny already up the time of a dynasty Han 2 thousand years ago, and since then to Gansu, Ninsya and east part Qinghai became "Chinese" in the most essence.
Tourist rest in China: Inner Mongolia
Not cultivated plains of the Inner Mongolia have appeared under a heel of China since creation the of great empire by Genghis Khan first XIII century. And even Xinjiang always came back under an empire wing after the short periods of freedom. At present tourist rest in China here develops. At present relative freedom in use of local languages and religions in these areas can be regarded as desire of China to grow patriotism in ethnic minority and to return their placement lost during the most severe repressions which they underwent both at communists, and during earlier eras. Moreover, the modern authorities show also care of economic wellbeing of the region in the form of the help in development of industrial and earth sector both in richer regions of East China, and in poorer, district borders of the country. On the other hand, level of a real autonomy in "independent" areas is strictly supervised, and has put between hansky China and these remote corners of the empire remain rough. Disagreements concerning the Uyghur of Si Kiang, for example, have let know about themselves in the 1990th years, marked by mass excitements in Kashgar.
Modern economy of China and tourism in the Inner Mongolia
The organised tourism in lands of the northwest endures in recent years lifting. As the main objects of display the Great silk way and a number of the historical cities and starenky fortresses lying in ruins act. The routes originating in Sian in the Province of Shaanxi, last through Ninsya, Gansu and Xinjiang, and some assume further travel to Central Asia. The modern economy of China considerably wins from tourist sector. The northwest involves also guests with the extensive massifs of the virgin nature – steppes, mountains, lakes and deserts, incomparable on picturesqueness with the overpopulated centres of the East. To the tourists, wishing to have a rest from a civilisation, the best place to start own travel, than eminent steppes of the Inner Mongolia where Genghis Khan is no time learnt the cavalry and where nomads and at present continue to live in a saddle, – not to find. Not including possibilities to visit Genghis Khan expected tomb under Dunshen, such trip promises unique chances to get acquainted closer with a starenky, original way of life of Mongols, to behold the Mongolian traditions in modern China – if you decide to go deep aside from the blazed routes.
Culture of the people of China and rest in the Inner Mongolia
You can spend the night in a nomadic yurta, test the Mongolian food and be passed on horses on meadows – and from all these adventures separate only half-day by train from Beijing. Other natural sight of the Inner Mongolia is Huang He which, having turned on the North, directs to this region from tiny earth Ninsya. Here, in Shapotou’s resorts and to the Shah, you can admire the powerful stream, punching to yourselves a way among sand dunes of the desert. From time to time the area Ninsya visited by zabugorny tourists involves certain travellers with quiet, picturesque towns in what the culture of the people of China is traced, and a rare landscape variety – from terrasirovanny lush slopes in the south to naked deserts in the north. Gansu stretches for the West from Ninsya – the historical suburb of old China. This folded edge of huge peaks and the desert cuts from the East on the West a corridor of Hesi – the unique road from China on the West, still designated on all the extent the Great wall at the end of which the ancient citadel of Tszyayuyaguan has settled down is no time. The travel culmination on the cities of the Great silk way Dunkhuan nice for the monuments of Buddhist sculptural art will melt. To the South from a corridor of Hesi tower Mount Kuenlun Shan behind which – the high-mountainous plateau stretches to the India-. Tourists in China here meet occasionally. An ancient border zone between Tibet and practically China, Qinghai – perhaps, the province least studied by tourists in all Northwest, though to it is what to show to tourists: monasteries, ropjji, the bolshushchy lake to Tsinkhaykh, and, first, routes to Tibet through one of the highest ridges in the world. In this province arise also Huang He and Yangzi – the main transport arteries in China for all its written history.
Life of people in China in the northwest
The last western passes of the empire are guarded by Xinjiang where China comes to an end and other world begins absolutely, there is no time known to Europeans as the Chinese Turkestan. In cultural and geographical aspect this wide, isolated region of sun-scorched deserts and the snow mountains, the most remote and awful site of the Great silk way, is a part of Central Asia. Life of people in China here is cruel. Uigur Turkic peoples here outnumber Chinese-han, instead of temples mosques flaunt, and steam trickled pastries replace mutton кебабы. Among the brightest cities of Xinjiang – the resort Tourist’s fan and known Kashgar lying on the last West, the city which till absolutely recent time only only a few Europeans reached. To travel on the northwest it is hard – distances here huge, and climate sharply continental. Winters here are very cruel – average temperature in the Inner Mongolia, Qinghai and Xinjiang fluctuates from – 15°С to – 20°С. In the summer the exhausting heat – temperature in the Tourist’s sir, the hottest city of China here is established, rises to 40°С. Therefore it is more pleasant to co-operate a trip here and rest in China in the summer. Despite it, the tourism industry at this edge develops in recent years with accruing speed. Actually in all local cities there are at present hotels and the restaurants directed on tourists state employees – hotel tariffs is notable below, than in East China. In those districts where the railways are not cleared yet, bus service is adjusted, and it is possible to reach some cities and plane. Eventually, this edge is attractive to tourists by possibility of the future travel from China to the adjoining countries – the Republic Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Pakistan, the connected cars and the railways with all provinces described in this chapter. Though visas to arrival in them need to be made out in advance, without having got under way yet in a way – in Beijing or somewhere else.
Rest in China from Blagoveshchensk becomes visible and unforgettable with rounds of our company.