Initiated by president Mubarak in 1997 Toshk’s project represents the large-scale enterprise calculated on 20 years, which purpose – to make applicable for processing 1, the 5th million федданов (1, 4 million acres) deserts to the northwest from Abu-Simbela and to settle there 6 million people. Alluvial earth potentially злачна. Experimental farms already successfully grow up on it cotton, cucumbers, tomatoes, water-melons, bananas, grapes and wheat. That it to irrigate, Egyptians have spent 1 billions dollars, having created the world’s largest pump station which allows to take 5 billions cubic metres of water from the lake Naser of once a year, and dig the channel of Sheikh Zaid. Called by name the president of the United Arab Emirates (the huge investor), the main channel finished in 2002, totals 50 km at length, 30 metres at width and 6 metres in depth. Now works on 4 lateral channels in cumulative extent of 159 km how the capacity of pump stations suffices proceed. The government plans to bring water to borders of each economy, having given opportunity to the owner to distribute it on the earth. Sorokadevyatiletny rent costs only 50 pounds for феддан. As the largest investor the Saudi prince Al-Waleed Ben Talal acts, it is possible to see whose estate on a way to Abu-Simbelu.
Critics say that the Egyptian government, by some estimates, more than underestimates project cost by 20 percent. Assume that the final account will make 66 billions dollars. Without considering pump station also suited it also a network of the new roads connecting Toshka to a place of implementation of other irrigational project in East Uveynat, assuming introduction of ground waters. Some are afraid that these projects are very ambitious and can become something like «a white elephant» which service costs much, and profit does not bring any. But their supporters specify that the same was told concerning a high-rise dam without which Egypt at present could not provide itself with energy.