Ibn Tuluna’s mosque (once a day 8:00-17:00; an entrance free) – a rare example of the mosque which has escaped from the usual Islamic period (the IX-X century) when Caliphs of a dynasty Abbasidov operated the Muslim world from Iraq. The city of Samara which has been specially constructed as the capital, concentrated round the general mosque where all population gathered for a Friday prayer. More can be that directly this example inspired ibn Tuluna. You enter into a mosque through зияда – a place between an external wall and a wall of the mosque, intended to separate a mosque from blizkoraspolozhenny quarters. At the left there is Geyera-Anderson’s house. Only in borders of internal walls becomes a mosque obvious grandness: its yard represents a square with the party of 92 m, and all complex with the sizes of 140 m on 122 m, occupies the space in two and a half hectares.
Without considering the sizes a mosque impresses besides the simplicity. Its open wide yard is full of greatness of the desert where all worshipping to the Allah stretch, as equal, under sun beams. Architects ibn Tuluna understood effect of repeatability of parts – look, as мерлоны reflect a rhythm of arcades. They knew and force of restraint: small flower capitals and modelled sockets, at the 1st look, seem the unique decorative motives. Under arcades the frieze from a sikomor in length more than 2 km on which by a kufichesky font it is stated about one fifth part of the Koran is located. Strictly geometrical pool – a place for ablution, мидаа, has been built in the XIII century, then михраббыл is trimmed by a marble and glass mosaic: both that, and another represents the unique bad additions in all complex. The minaret (the entrance from an external yard of a mosque, but it is closed now) is unique thanks to the external spiral ladder which appropriates to all construction a spiral form. Say that ibn Tulun has curtailed a sheet of paper into a spiral, and has presented this involuntary movement as the project of future minaret later. But the big minaret in Samara (which itself has been constructed under the influence of drevnevavilonsky зиккуратов) seems more plausible source of inspiration. When the minaret will open, be ready to pay a baksheesh for an entrance and for supervision behind your footwear, but reject excessive inquiries, in particular if to you say that it is officially established payment.