Culture and traditions of Turkey are widely presented in the Archaeological museum
Burning tickets to Turkey will allow you to reach without superfluous costs to a complex of the Archaeological museum into which enter the Museum of the Old East and Chinili Kyoshk, it is possible to pass through park to Gyulkhan or directly from the first yard of a palace of Topkapy. An archaeological museum (Arkeolodzhi Myuzesi, works ежедн., not including пн, 9. 30-17. 30; the price of the entrance ticket — 5YTL, the prices for excursions in Turkey are absolutely applicable) is on a place of excavation of Silon of 1887 which were headed by Osman Hamdi – beat, the director of the Museum of monuments of an antiquity. Here some sarcophagi and other monuments of a Phoenician origin, but the mixed styles that spoke about various influences of adjoining civilisations which were absorbed by local Phoenician culture have been found. This excursion is offered always by hotels of Turkey with the big territory. Then Sarcophagi are placed in two big halls on the ground floor to the left of an entrance. In the first room there is a Likiysky sarcophagus with the centaurs represented on it, sphinxes, griffins, also scenes from the Greek mythology. It is made in likiysky style, but drawings reflect peloponnessky influence: gods, heroes and people on their thickset, with wide persons.
As sarcophagi have affected culture and traditions of Turkey
In the same hall there is a sidonsky sarcophagus in the form of a human body which specifies the Egyptian motives in the Greek sculpture of the V century BC. Here it is possible to learn that tourists receive in Turkey. The Tabnitsky sarcophagus, the most ancient sidonsky find, is considered Egyptian by origin. Hieroglyphs on a cover of this alabaster coffin of a mummy say that in it there is a body of the Egyptian leader by name of Peneftakh. Later inscriptions say that the second in this sarcophagus has put the father of Pharaoh Tabnit, here it is possible to familiarise with concept – culture and traditions of Turkey. The Sidamarsky sarcophagus which also is in the hall first at the left, belongs to the III century AD and represents in particular a valuable exhibit of that era and style. In a hall there are some more sarcophagi found somewhere in Anatoli. On many from their drawing, in particular vegetative, it is put with a manual drill that distinguishes them from sidonsky sarcophagi for the worse. In the 2nd hall to the left of a hall before an entrance there is Alexander’s Sarcophagus. It is covered with drawings which were considered as scenes of hunting and Alexander the Great fights, but because it is at present authentically clear that it is buried in Alexandria, images on a sarcophagus to treat in this spirit have ended, and he any more is not considered Alexander the Great sarcophagus. At present, despite the obvious Greek influence, different scientists attribute its to one of governors of a dynasty Seleusidov or to the Phoenician successor of a throne Abdalonima Sidonskomu who is represented brightly by culture of Turkey. After all, all archeologists meet in sarcophagus dating, carrying it to the IV century BC.
What finds have created idea of old culture and traditions of Turkey
The iron tool which left on sarcophagi of hunters and soldiers, have stolen even before Hamdi-beya excavation, at the time of plunder of tombs. An Ionic sculpture of 1 more sidonsky sarcophagus, a sarcophagus of grieving ladies, have reproduced on a facade of the museum. On it eighteen ladies from a harem of tsar Straton who has lost in 360 are represented in grief and despair poses. To place all points, on perimetre of a cover of a sarcophagus drawing with the image of a funeral procession is put. It is necessary to behold that the cheapest permits do not include this excursion in Turkey. As well as in case of Alexander’s sarcophagus, on a marble surface of a cover of a sarcophagus still it is possible to distinguish paint traces. Halls of the top floor represent bright, perfectly shined, with numerous explaining inscriptions, audio-and a video equipment an exposition which sharply contrasts with provincial museums where you everywhere follow, switching on and off light, nervous attendants. The small prices for a taxi in Turkey will allow to reach without effort in the right place. Here treasures of Troy, for example a fine headdress with the vegetative ornament, made of gold sheets in width about paper, also frigiysky finds made on excavation of Arslantash, the tomb cut out in a grief at Afyon-Karakhisar are exposed.
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