This foot route passes through one of the oldest districts of Cairo where as it is considered, poor people have started to lodge round graves sacred in the tenth century. Any of graves outside is allocated with nothing, but legends and маулиды related are very interesting. Our route begins where Shariya el-Caliph turns on the South from Shary Saliba, to a meeting for Khanka-hom to Shaykh.
Moving on the South along this narrow small street filled with dealers and playing children, you will pass by several graves. the tomb 2nd at the left located on the district of a white and green mosque, belongs to Sayida Su-kayne, Hussein’s daughter. On it маулид (Rabi el-Thani passing in a month) thousands locals are flown down; the holiday is filled with traditional entertainments, such as dances on horses.
Similar sacred tombs are accompanied povsevremenno by chapels (машрад) or mosques. But the tomb located through 100 m Shadzharat ad-Durr – the thrown construction which has left under the earth – represents an exception of a rule. Shadzharat ad-Durr («A pearl tree») was the widow of sultan Ayub and ruled Egypt eighty days (1249-1250) until ab-basidskiya халине has uttered: «A grief to the people which the woman» governs. He has forced to marry Shadzharat Aybak, the first mamlyuksky sultan, and to govern «because of a mashrabiya». In 1257 it let’s the order kill Aybak, having learnt that he longs to take other spouse, but has tried to rescue it later. Murderers have cried: «If we stop halfway, it will kill both you, and us!» When Shadzharat ad-Durr has rejected the offer мамлюков to marry Kutuz, their new winner, those have given out to Aybak’s her former spouse, whose servants have hammered Shadzharat to death, and a body have thrown out to jackals. Its tomb which now has been absolutely thrown, once had a gravestone-tyabg/m with an inscription: «About you standing about my grave, be not surprised to my condition. Yesterday I was as you, tomorrow you will become as I».
A little further, on the back streets, cost three tombs with the general fencing and a white and green door. Mashrad Sayida Rukayi is a monument to Sayida Zeynab’s stepsister together with which it has come to Egypt. The name of her father, Ali, decorates rare fatimidskiya михраб, and extent of reverential honouring with which people treat it, in particular is visible during time маулида to Rukayi.
The cult of Rukayi, but, does not come within miles of that awe with which people treat Sayida Nafiza’s standing in 100 m to the South behind a market square mosque. It is the 3rd of the most sacred tombs of Egypt, it is closed for not Muslims though the weight which gathers round a mosque after a Friday midday prayer or to time маулида Nafiza, Dzhumad el-Thani passing among a month, is adjusted concerning tourists absolutely good-natured. Nafiza esteemed during lifetime as the relative of the Prophet, хафизат Al-Curan (the one who knows the Koran by heart) and the girlfriend of imam al-Shafii, has become famous for that worked wonders and gave blessings barracks. Its tomb since Fatimidov not once increased. The history of the most Southern cemetery, maybe, has begun directly that Nafiza’s admirers began to lodge and bury own relatives about her grave, and the existing mosque has been constructed in 1897.
If you proceed on pass on is left, will turn on the right in the end and later again on the right, you will appear before a site where there are tombs of ABBA-sidsky Caliphs (are open round put). Expelled from Baghdad the Mongols, the survived relatives of Caliphs with gratitude have accepted the offer to return Beybarsa the caliphate in Egypt, but have found soon that they «any more governors devout, and leaders of a wind».
Бейбарс intended the mausoleum with a dome (which it is usually locked) for own otprysky, Caliphs have been buried outside, in in any way great graves. Pay attention to the fine kufichesky inscription decorated with leaves on кенотафе of Hadiga, under a wood canopy. In 1517 the last abbasidskiya халибыл is formally deprived of own title which in 1538 Turkish sultans (in the 1920th have appropriated the Turkish caliphate has been abolished by Ataturk).
Other route back to the Citadel passes by Sayida Aisha’s mosque, маулид which occurs in Shaban. To reach there, return but to a former route to a tomb of Rukayi and follow on the road going on the right. To Aisha’s mosque to go metres 500. From there Shariya Salakh Salem goes on South for – пад along Salakh-ad-Din’s medieval wall and on the northeast to Medan Salakh-ad-Din. If you appear here on Friday, find time to glance on a poultry market (Bitches al-Asafer or Bitches al-Goma) which this day is developed in the lane to the South from transition through Salakh Salem.